Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Compliance-Safety-Accountability (CSA)

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA) Safety Measurement System (SMS) quantifies the on-road safety performance of carriers and drivers to identify candidates for interventions, to determine the specific safety problems exhibited by a carrier and its drivers, and to monitor whether safety problems are improving or worsening.
The SMS uses a motor carrier’s data from roadside inspections, including all safety-based violations, State-reported crashes, and the
Federal motor carrier census to quantify performance in the following Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs).

BASICs & Example Violations

Unsafe Driving:
Operation of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs)
by drivers in a dangerous or careless manner.
Speeding, reckless driving, improper lane change, and
inattention. (FMCSR Parts 392 and 397)

Hours-of-Service(HOS)Compliance :
Operation of CMVs by
drivers who are ill, fatigued, or in noncompliance with the HOS
regulations. This BASIC includes violations of regulations
pertaining to records of duty status (RODS) as they relate to
HOS requirements and the management of CMV driver fatigue.
HOS, RODS, and operating a CMV while ill or
fatigued. (FMCSR Parts 392 and 395)

Driver's Fitness :
Operation of CMVs by drivers who are un<t to
operate a CMV due to lack of training, experience, or medical
Failure to have a valid and appropriate Commercial
Driver’s License and being medically unquali<ed to
operate a CMV. (FMCSR Parts 383 and 391)
Controlled Substances/Alcohol:
Operation of CMVs by
drivers who are impaired due to alcohol, illegal drugs, and
misuse of prescription or over-the-counter medications.
Use or possession of controlled substances/alcohol.
(FMCSR Parts 382 and 392)

Vehicle Maintenance :
Failure to properly maintain a CMV
and/or to properly prevent shifting loads.
Brakes, lights, and other mechanical defects, failure to
make required repairs, and improper load securement.
(FMCSR Parts 392, 393 and 396)

Hazardous Materials (HM) Compliance:
Unsafe handling of HM on a CMV.
 Release of HM from package, no shipping papers
(carrier), and no placards/markings when required.
(FMCSR Part 397 and Hazardous Materials Regulations
Parts 171, 172, 173, 177, 178, 179, and 180)

Crash Indicator:
Histories or patterns of high crash
involvement, including frequency and severity. It is based on
information from State-reported crashes.

A carrier’s measurement for each BASIC depends on:

The number of adverse safety events (violations related to that BASIC or crashes)

The severity of violations or crashes :

When the adverse safety events occurred (more recent events are weighted more heavily)
After a measurement is determined, the carrier is then placed in a safety event group of carriers (e.g. other carriers with similar
numbers of inspections). Percentiles from 0 to 100 are then determined by comparing the BASIC measurements of the carrier to
the measurements of other carriers in the safety event group. 100 indicates the worst performance.

If one or more of a carrier’s BASIC percentiles exceed a threshold, the carrier then becomes a candidate for an intervention.

Typically, the intervention process starts with a warning letter, which provides the carrier with an opportunity to review its performance
and make improvements without further FMCSA involvement. Thresholds vary depending on the type of carrier and the BASIC. For example,
since the consequences of passenger or HM crashes are typically more severe, lower Intervention Thresholds are in place for these
types of carriers.


Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration(FMCSA)Regulations Guide

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

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